Anti Freeze

Anti Freeze is a chemical additive which lowers the freezing point of a water-based liquid. An antifreeze mixture is used to achieve freezing-point depression for cold environments and also achieves boiling-point elevation ("anti-boil") to allow higher coolant temperature. Freezing and boiling points are colligative properties of a solution, which depend on the concentration of the dissolved substance.

Because water has good properties as a coolant, antifreeze is used in internal combustion engines and other heat transfer applications, such as HVAC chillers and solar water heaters. The purpose of antifreeze is to prevent a rigid enclosure from undergoing catastrophic deformation due to expansion when water turns to ice. Commercially, either the additive or the mixture may be referred to as antifreeze. Careful selection of an antifreeze can enable a wide temperature range in which the mixture remains in the liquid phase, which is critical to efficient heat transfer and the proper functioning of heat exchangers.

Antifreezes are commonly used for de-icing such as for aircraft wings. Salts are frequently used for de-icing, but salt solutions are not used for cooling systems due to corrosion.

  Property Units

ASTM Method of test

Result ASTM Standard
1 Appearance - D1123 green Colour is as
customer request
2 Water mass wt% D1123 3.2 4 max
3 Ph(50vol%) - D1287 9.02 7.5-11

Boiling point


0c D1120 109 min.108
5 Density gr/cm3 D1122 1.118 1.110-1.145
6 Ash wt% D1119 1.5 5max

Freezing point


0c D1117 -40 -37


Download this file (Anti Freeze.pdf)Anti Freeze.pdf[Download Specifications]153 kB